dogs' and cats' paws and tracks
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Old English Sheepdog
The pattern of movement of animals during (terrestrial) locomotion.
Gaits used by cats and dogs include the walk, the amble, the pace, the trot, the canter and the gallop.
An appendage to the main body of an organism.
For example, an arm, leg, flipper or wing.
Either of the cranial (
Either of the caudal (
Relating to the opposite side of the body.
For example, diagonally contralateral limbs are limbs on diagonally opposite sides of the body.
Relating to the same side of the body.
For example, ipsilateral limbs are limbs that are on the same side of the body.
The slowest of all gaits used by cats and dogs, in which minimum energy is expended.
Three limbs remain on the ground while the fourth is raised and moved forwards.
A symmetrical, two-beat gait in which diagonally contralateral limbs move in unison.
This is an endurance gait, which allows coverage of ground at a reasonable speed but without expending maximum energy. The trot may, therefore, be maintained for hours.
A symmetrical, relaxed gait between the walk and the trot, in which the ipsilateral limbs move (almost) in unison.
However, the hind limb is raised and lands very slightly earlier than the forelimb.
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A symmetrical, relaxed
, in which
move in unison.
Weight is transferred from one side to the other, usually resulting in a rolling motion of the body. The
offers faster speed than the walk, but expends less energy than a trot.
Many cats, and larger and older dogs, use this movement to leisurely cover ground.
may incorporate a brief
(when all four limbs are off the ground), in which case it is described as a
Some breeds of dog, e.g. Springer Spaniels, pace at slow speeds. The characteristic rolling movement of Old English Sheepdogs is achieved with this gait.
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